Gender Equality


The Kentucky Department of Education complied this extensive list of resources addressing several layers of the gender equity issue.

Regulation and Policy Education, Awareness, and Implementation Resources:

Advancing Women

Civil Liberties, Civil Rights, Equal Opportunity, and Discrimination - US Federal Statutes and Regulations

Directory of Gender Related Internet Resources for Academic Research

The Equal Pay Act of 1963
The text of the Equal Pay Act of 1963 (Pub. L. 88-38) (EPA), as amended, as it appears in volume 29 of the United States Code, at section 206(d). The EPA, which is part of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (FLSA), and which is administered and enforced by the EEOC, prohibits sex-based wage discrimination between men and women in the same establishment who are performing under similar working conditions.

The Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC, US)

EEOC Compliance Manual

EEOC Enforcement Guidances and Related Documents

EEOC Regulations

Filing a Charge of Discrimination (EEOC)

Non-Discrimination in Employment Practices in Education (Code No. 12)
This pamphlet summarizes the employment requirements under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

Protecting Students from Harassment and Hate Crime: A Guide for Schools (1999).
Published by the OCR in conjunction with the National Association of Attorneys General, this document provides step-by-step, practical guidance to help schools respond to and prevent harassment and violence against students because of their race, color, national origin, sex, and disability. The Guide may also be of assistance in protecting students from harassment and violence based on sexual orientation, religion, or other grounds that may be covered by state or local laws or that schools recognize as particularly damaging to their students.

"¡Si, Se Puede! Yes, We Can: Latinas in School" (AAUW report)
A new report released by the American Association of University Women (AAUW) Educational Foundation, "¡Si, Se Puede! Yes, We Can: Latinas in School", reviews the educational (K-12) status and progress of Latinas. It explores the cultural interaction between America's Hispanic children and the schools they attend. Authored by Angela B. Ginorio and Michelle Huston, the report looks at Latinas and how their future or "possible selves" are influenced by their families, their culture, their peers, their teachers, and the media. (The AAUW website contains a synopsis & information on how to order.)

American Association of University Women

Clarification of Intercollegiate Athletics Policy Guidance: The Three-Part Test (OCR)
The memorandum from the OCR Assistant Secretary and clarification of the "three-part test" described in the Education Department's 1979 Policy Interpretation. This test is used to determine whether students of both sexes are provided nondiscriminatory opportunities to participate in athletics.

Equal Opportunity in Intercollegiate Athletics (1991, OCR)
This pamphlet summarizes Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs receiving Federal financial assistance from the Department. Athletics is considered an integral part of an institution's education program and is therefore covered by this law.

Equity Assistance Centers (formerly Desegregation Assistance Centers)
The 10 equity assistance centers are funded by the U.S. Department of Education under Title IV of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. They provide assistance in the areas of race, gender, and national origin equity to public school districts to promote equal educational opportunities.

Myra Sadker Advocates for Gender Equity

National Association for Girls and Women in Sport

National Coalition for Sex Equity in Education (NCSEE)

National Women's Law Center

NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund

Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972
Text of the law. pdf files.

Title IX and Sex Discrimination (OCR)
This pamphlet summarizes the requirements pertaining to Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities which receive Federal financial assistance from the Department of Education.

Twenty-Five Years After Title IX: Women Gain in Steps, Not Leaps
Article on women's athletics and Title IX. National Organization for Women website.

United States Commission on Civil Rights

The U.S. Department of Labor Women's Bureau

WEEA Equity Resource Center

Wellesley Centers for Women

Women's Sports Foundation

Sexual Harassment Sites:

Facts About Sexual Harassment
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Labour Standards - Sexual Harassment - Canada
Division XV.1 of Part III of the Canada Labour Code establishes an employee's right to employment free of sexual harassment and requires employers to take positive action to prevent sexual harassment in the work place.

The Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, issues a new document (revised guidance) that replaces the March 13, 1997 document entitled "Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of Students by School Employees, Other Students, or Third Parties." They revised the guidance in limited respects in light of subsequent Supreme Court cases relating to sexual harassment in schools.

Sexual Harassment: It's not Academic (OCR)
This pamphlet addresses issues of sexual harassment of students by school employees and other students. It is intended for use by school administrators and other employees in understanding a school's obligations under Title IX, and by students and their parents in understanding student rights in this area. The pamphlet answers questions about sexual harassment, including how to file a complaint with OCR. It also provides information to be use in developing or evaluating an institution's sexual harassment grievance procedure.

Sexual Harassment: What Every Working Woman Needs to Know

Sexual Harassment and Gender Violence in Schools
A Research and Development Project Linking Schools and Community-Based Organizations with Title IX, Nan Stein, Ed.D., Project Director

Survivors of Educator Sexual Abuse and Misconduct Emerge
SESAME, Inc. is a non-profit organization dedicated to informing the public about, and reducing the incidence of, the sexual abuse of students at the hands of teachers and other school staff.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
The text of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) (Title VII), as amended, as it appears in volume 42 of the United States Code, beginning at section 2000e. Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.

Understanding Sexual Harassment and the Abuse of Power in Athletic Settings
By Vern Seefeldt, Ph.D., Professor and Director Emeritus, Institute for the Study of Youth Sports.

Climate, School Safety and Character Education:

Anti-Bullying Network

Bullying in Schools and What to do about it
Site of Dr. Ken Rigby, Adjunct Associate Professor of Social Psychology and an educational consultant based at the University of South Australia.

Bully OnLine
Web site of the UK National Workplace Bullying Advice Line

Character Education Clearinghouse
A California Department of Education program which is working on a curriculum-embedded model for incorporating character education.

Character Education Partnership
A nonpartisan coalition of organizations and individuals who are dedicated to promoting character education in our public schools.

ERIC Bibliography of Character Education Resources on the Web

Eric Digest: Bullying in Schools

The Project on Teasing and Bullying
The Wellesley Centers for Women

Using Common Sense: Safety & Civility in Our Schools
A report on the Safety and Civility Issues Forum sponsored by the Washington State School Directors' Association Urban Issues Committee

Utah State Office of Education: Character Education site

Warning Signs - A violence prevention guide for youth
An on-line guide coproduced by APA and MTV to help youth detect the warning signs for violent behavior in the peers and themselves.

American Association of School Administrators (AASA)

American Association of School Personnel Administrators

American Bar Association

American Civil Liberties Union

National Association of Elementary School Principals