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PT COUNTS


Study of the Relationship of Student Outcomes to School-Based Physical Therapy Services

PT related Child Outcomes in the Schools (PT COUNTS), is a funded study supported by the US Department of Education, Institute on Education Science (R324A110204). It is a prospective, multi-site observational study, undertaken to describe the changes in students’ participation in school activity, self-care, posture and mobility, and recreation and fitness outcomes and the relationships of these changes to identified characteristics of school-based physical therapy intervention, including service delivery models, activities, procedures, and dosage. The School Function Assessment (SFA) and Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) were used as measures to describe the outcomes that 296 students with disabilities from 26 states achieved when receiving physical therapy within schools over a period of 6 months during the 20012 -2013 school year. The physical therapist’s intervention services were recorded using the researcher-developed School-Based Physical Therapy Interventions for Pediatrics (S-PTIP) data collection system. Physical therapy interventions were provided by 111 physical therapists from 59 different school systems. The relationship of physical therapy service delivery models, activities, interventions, and dosage to changes in students’ participation in school; self-care; posture and mobility; recreation and fitness; and academic outcomes are being analyzed and will be disseminated across the nation at various conferences as noted below  and in publications. The importance of both services to the student and services on behalf of the student has provided some significant findings and implications for practice.  Knowing relationships between student outcomes and physical therapy intervention, as currently provided in schools, will influence physical therapy practice, future research, and professional development.

  

National Presentations include: 

Interventions Associated with Student Outcomes in School-Based Practice. APTA CSM, Feb. 2015, Indianapolis, IN (Effgen & Chiarello)
 

PT COUNTS Study:  Relationship of School-based Physical Therapy Services to Student Outcomes. APTA Section on Pediatrics Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO, Oct 24, 2014 (McCoy, Jeffries, Chiarello, Effgen, & Bush)
 

PT COUNTS:  Student Outcomes After School-based Physical Therapy, APTA Section on Pediatrics Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO, Oct 24, 2014 (Effgen, Chiarello, McCoy, Jeffries, & Bush)
 

Impact of Participation in the PT COUNTS Research Study on School-Based Physical Therapist’s Practice. APTA Section on Pediatrics Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO, Oct 24, 2014 (Ward, Chiarello, Jones, & Stoner)

School-based physical therapy services for children with cerebral palsy in the United States. American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine, San Diego, CA, Sept, 2014 (McCoy, Chiarello, Jeffries, & Effgen)
 

National Trends in School-Based Physical Therapy Service Delivery. 22nd Ohio Institute for OT/PT School-Based Practice, Columbus, OH, August 12, 2014 (Effgen)
 

Evidenced-Based School Practice: Implications from the Literature & PT COUNTS Study. APTA Section on Pediatrics Innovations in School-based Physical Therapy Practice. July 11, 2014, Atlanta, GA (Effgen)
 

Interventions in School-based Practice: Opening the Black Box. APTA Combined Sections Meetings, Las Vegas, Feb. 2014. (McCoy & Jeffries)
 

Reliability of the School - Physical Therapy Interventions for Pediatrics Data System. APTA Combined Sections Meetings, Las Vegas, Feb. 2014.  (Effgen, McCoy, Jeffries, Chiarello, Smarr, Bush, & Smith)
 

Use of the School Function Assessment and Goal Attainment Scaling in Monitoring Student Progress: Application to Three Cases from the PT COUNTS Study. APTA Section on Pediatrics Annual Conference, Anaheim, CA, November 8, 2013 (Chiarello, Stoner, & Effgen)

 

 

 

 

What’s new in the literature?

 

S-PTIP Manual and Forms:

Training Manual: School - Physical Therapy Interventions for Pediatrics (S-PTIP) Data Form

S-PTIP Form Example 1

S-PTIP Form Example 2

S-PTIP Form

 

Click here to view PT COUNTS Study abstract

 

A must read article for all pediatric PTs is Novak and colleagues’: A systematic review of interventions for children with cerebral palsy: state of the evidence. Developmental Medicine and Children Neurology, 2013, 55:885-910. Click here to read the article (PDF).